Wildlife in Hakone-Flowers

Encyclopedia of Flowers—Spring

Eizansumire (Violet; Viola eizanesis (Miyako) Makino) [Violaceae]

Perennial.Flowers bloom from early April. The leaves first trifoliate in three. Then they become lacerated into a further five, making it relatively easy to identify.

Tachitsubosumire (Violet; Viola grypoceras) [Violaceae]

Viola grypoceras is a perennial that commonly grows in the woods and by the roadside and in the woods. Its essential characteristic is that it reveals numerous morphological mutations, some having white flowers, some with smaller leaves.

Mamezakura (Prunus incisa) [Rosaceae]

A species of low to tall- growing deciduous flowering Cherry tree; well known to the Fuji-Hakone area. A single bud reveals its individual two flowers pointing downwards, giving it its maiden-like charm. Also known as Fuji cherry.

Yamaruriso (Omphalodes japonica) [Boraginaceae]

Perennial that grows on damp slopes. When they grow en-masse, blooming along mountain trails, they certainly provide an impressive sight. The color of early blooms are pale red but gradually changes to blue.

Hakoneshirokaneso (Dichocarpum hakonense) [Ranunculaceae]

Perennial. This is a special plant in the Fuji-Hakone area. The calyx is petaline, and every five petals are normally small. They grow in Hakone but are rarely seen.

Sentoso (Chamaele decumbens) [Apiaceae]

Perennial. Sometimes one sees a dark dim surface of the ground is covered in white with small delicate flowers. The origin of the name derives from the Japanese word ‘sento’ meaning ‘to lead’ as a flower heralding the coming of spring.

Murasakikeman (Corydalis incisa) [Papaveraceae]

Biennial. The leaves have feather-like incisions. They are sometimes to be seen with yellow variety-Corydalis heterocarpa var.along the roadside flowering side by side. Poisonous plant.

Hananekonome (Chrysosplenium album var stamineum) [Saxifragaceae]

Perennial. It has unusually large flowers for the species of the Nekonomeso family. The contrast between the red anther at the tip of the stamen and the white Sepal is quite beautiful.

Murasaki tsurigane tsutsuji (Purple Azalea; Menziesia multiflora var. purpurea) [Ericaceae]

A low-growing deciduous shrub. A specific plant only found in the Fuji-Hakone area. The outer tips have a darker, purple tinge. The habitat is limited to the area, and it is not so abundant.

Yamazakura (Wild cherry tree) [Rosaceae]

Deciduous tall tree. Many flowers bloom from one bud. The leaves emerge at the same time as the flowers begin to bloom. The wild cherry blossoms are closely associated with Japan.

Houchakuso (Disporum sessile) [Liliaceae]

Perennial. They prefer a slightly shady environment, and the tubular flowers typically point downwards. After flowering, round bulbous seeds turn a blackish color when ripened.

Kobushi (Magnolia kobus) [Magnoliaceae]

Deciduous tall trees that grow in the deciduous forests of mountainous areas. The flowering season is April. The flowers bloom before the leaves unfurl. A single young leaf comes out from underneath each flower.

Kusa Boke (Dwarf Japanese quince) [Chaenomeles japonica]

Deciduous shrub that is common to Hakone area. The scarlet color of the flowers is distinctive. The fruits when ripened are highly fragrant and give a tangy scent. Also known as Shidomi.

Onishibari (Daphne pseudomezee) [Thymelaeaceae]

Deciduous small shrub. The Japanese name “Onisibari” (to tie the demon) originated from its bark, so strong that demons can be tied up. Another name given is ‘Natsubozu’’ derived from the fact that the leaves fall in the summer, and in the fall season, new leaves emerge.

Niwatoko (Japanese red elder; Sambucus sieboldiana ) [Adoxaceae]

Deciduous shrub. The small leaves are unique in texture and the underside is smooth and glabrous-having no hairs or any unevenness. They are commonly seen in the Castanopsis and Quercus belts and Beech belts. The fresh new leaves give the anticipation of spring’s arrival.

Zumi (Crab apple; Malus sieboldii) [Rosaceae]

Deciduous tree-small or tall. Also known as Konashi -small pear or koringo-small apple. With white flowers, and pale pink buds. In Hakone, one can see Kobazumi with small leaves.

Sazakura [Euptelea]

Deciduous tall tree. It is characterized by large winter buds. In early spring, one bud produces many flowers before the leaves emerge. It is not a member of the sakura family, although it is termed Fusazakura.

Kuromoji (Lindera umbellata) [Lauraceae]

Deciduous shrub. The name originates from the black spots marked on the bark which resemble letters (moji). When its leaves are pressed between the fingers, it exudes a unique aroma. Moreover, since olden times, it has been used as the superior toothpick.

Asebi (Pieris japonica) [Ericaceae]

The evergreen shrub sometimes grows into a small tree. It is commonly seen in a habitat of dry fields or hills surrounding Hakone or Tanzawa. The flowers are pot-shaped, the tips of the leaves have a shallow incision dividing into five. If ingested, it is poisonous.

Kibushi (Stachyurus praecox) [Stachyuraceae]

Deciduous shrub. One of the flowers that tell of early spring in Hakone. Diclinous, meaning plants that have separate male/female flowers, or Amphoteric flowers with both male and female. They have shiny barks.

Encyclopedia of Flowers—Summer

Mizuchidori (Platanthera hologlottis) [Orchidaceae]

Perennial. It grows in moist meadows, as indicated by the name. It is frequently seen in Sengokuhara wetland-the only wetland in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Kakiran (Epipactis thunbergii) [Orchidaceae]

The Japanese name Kaki-ran derives from the color of the flowers, resembling the color of persimmon fruit. They profilate in sunny wetlands and grasslands. Recently numbers have declined.

Akabane hime iwakagami [Schizocod inilicifolius]

Perennial. Clustered on the brink of moist rocky surface or forest floor, usually more than 1,000 meters above sea level. It may be observed in windy locations together with Hakonekometsutsuji (Azaleas;Tsusiophylium tanakae).

Hakoneran (Ephippianthus sawadanus) [Orchidaceae]

Perennial. Common to Hakone’s Mt. Kamiyama. Three to four flowers are dispersed on the upper part of the stem. In Hakone, it grows unobtrusively in a forest, under flat broad-leafed trees.

Oobaikeiso [Urori family]

Perennial, and poisonous plant. Grows in clusters within the beech belt in slightly moist conditions. They open at infrequent intervals of a few years. A variant of Veratrum oxysepalum.

Nohanashoubu (Japanese Water Iris; Iris ensata) [Iridaceae]

Perennial. It has sword-shaped leaves, with a prominent vein through the center. The flowers typically growing in Hakone, are colored in darker reddish-purple, in comparison to others. Its numbers have been declining of late.

Shimotsukeso (Spirea; Filipendula Multijuga) [Rosaceae]

Perennial shrub. Frequently seen in grassland subject to gentle wind conditions. The sight of the clustered flowers swaying in the wind is most attractive.

Kooniyuri (Tiger Lily; Lilium Lancifolium) [Liliaceae]

Orange-red petals are marked with darkish spots. It equals the white Golden-rayed lily in its beautiful appearance.

Yamayuri (Golden-rayed lily; Lillium auratum) [Liliaceae]

Perennial. It is the Prefectural flower of Kanagawa. In past times, it was used for culinary purposes. However, there has been a marked decline in the number of flowers since they have been consumed by an increase in the number of wild boars.

Sanshobara (Rosa Hirtula) [Rosaceae]

Deciduous shrub, or low-growing deciduous tree. Indigenous to the Fuji-Hakone area. Of all wild roses, its beauty is second to none. In Hakone-town, it is appointed as the specific flower of the town—Hakone bara, meaning rose.

Hakoneutsugi (Weigela coraeensis) [Saxifragaceae]

Deciduous shrub. Although given the name Hakone, there are many of these coastal plants elsewhere growing at mid-altitudes. The flowers are white, to begin with, gradually acquiring color.

Okatorano (Lysimachia Clethroides) [Primulaceae]

Perennial. They grow in sunny grassland, bearing many white flowers, on the unshaded side.
The name originates from its stem, resembling the tail of a tiger.

Hakonekometsutsuji (Tsusiophylium tanakae) [Ericaceae]

Deciduous shrub. Specific to the Fuji volcanic belt. An azalea that has adapted and differentiated to the particular environment of bare volcanic land. Distributed throughout Hakone, and designated as a natural monument of Hakone-town.

Koajisai (Hydrangea hirta) [Saxifragaceae]

Deciduous shrub. A hydrangea without being over ornate, it has an appearance of modesty growing within its forest habitat which is very appealing. It exudes a fragrance.

Iwatabako (Conadron ramondiodes) [Gesneriaceae]

Perennial. The surface of the leaves is both shiny and wavy. It grows on the banks of damp mountain streams, and rocky places.

Hakonehanahirinoki (Leucothoe grayana) [Ericaceae]
Deciduous shrub. It takes its name from Hakone. It is much found in the surroundings of Mt.Hakone. There are pot-shaped flowers to be found in abundance. It thrives in strong winds in rocky areas. The shrub is poisonous.

Noriutsugi (Hydrangea paniculata) [Saxifragaceae)
Deciduous shrub. Also known as Sabita. It likes sunny slopes and wetlands.

Hitotsubashoma (Astilbe simplicifolia) [Saxifragaceae)
Perennial. Specific to the Hakone area. It grows in slightly moist rocky surroundings. This species grows in the extremely limited habitat of Shizuoka and Kanagawa prefectures.

Himeshara (Stewartia monadelpha) [Theaceae]

Deciduous tall tree. On looking at the flowers, it is apparent that they are of the camellia family. As the fall deepens, and the trunk, a bare reddish-brown, evokes a mysterious atmosphere.

Egonoki (Japanese snowbell; Styrax japonicus) [Styracaceae]

Deciduous tall tree. Its pure white flowers resemble hanging bells. The pericarp containing saponin is poisonous. The Varied tit likes its seeds. In Miyagino, it is called ‘’kohazu.’’

Yamaboshi (Kousa dogwood) [Cornaceae]

Deciduous tall tree. Its flowers are formed in the shape of a sphere. The irregularly developed leaves at the base are white or reddish in color and look like petals. The fruits are edible.

Encyclopedia of Flowers—Fall

Tsuriganeso (Adenophora triphylla var. japonica) [Campanulaceae]

Perennial. Leaves and branches verticillate in a ring formation, but some grow in an opposite or alternate manner. Flower color also varies from purple to white. Prefers sunny places, and grassland.

Waremoko (Sanguisorba officinalis) [Rosaceae]

Perennial. The racemous inflorescence stalk is oval in shape. The bloom moves upwards from the bottom of the stem towards the top. Although within the family of rose, it is unlike the rose in the form. Grow mostly in grassland and sunny places.

Hakonegiku (Aster viscidulus) [Asteraceae]

Perennial. A plant well known to the area and has a name after Hakone. Grows in windy and sunny rocky places, or grassland at a higher elevation of the Beech belt.

Taiazami (Thai Thistle; Nipponnicum var.Incomptum) [Asteraceae]

Perennial. Also known as Tone Thistle. In general, it is located throughout the Kanto’s mountain region. There are many other varieties, Iga azami (thistle) for instance, growing in the coastal area of Kanto.

Tsurifuneso (Touch-me-not; Impatiens textori Miq.) [Balsaminaceae]

Annual. Many are found in moist places in the hilly areas, also on riverbanks. The hanging flowers resemble those of sailing boats.

Ominaeshi (Patrinia scabiosifolia) [Valerianaceae]

Perennial. Grows in sunny grassland. One of seven flowers to represent fall, called “aki-no-nanakusa” (seven plants of fall). The water in which the plants are immersed gives off an offensive odor. The plant is also used in Chinese herbal medicine.

Tsuchiakebi (Cyrtosia septentrionalis) [Orchidceae]

A saprophytic plant is found in deciduous forests in mountainous areas. The plant has no chlorophyll. Its fruit resembles a Wiener sausage and is seen in the fall. It flowers from June to July.

Matsumushiso (PincushionFlower; Scabiosa japonia) [Dipsacaceae]

The plant that grows on highlands at the end of summer. This biennial plant has pale purple flowers. The flowers swaying in the gentle wind of fall indicate its approach.

Konara (Quercus serrata) [Fagaceae]

Deciduous tall tree. Commonly found in the Hakone area. As the fall deepens, and the leaves turn yellow, the tree is covered in masses of acorns with scaly-patterned cups (shell).

Sekiyanoakichoji (Isodon effusus) [Lamiaceae]

Perennial. Purple small flowers open diagonally on one side of a slanting stalk. It grows abundantly on the edge or within forests. To be found in Yumoto, Kowakidani, Sengokuhara, etc.

Gamazumi (Linden Viburnum) [Viburnaceae]

Deciduous shrub. Flowering from June onwards. The plant is most noted for its fruits, which ripen in clusters at the tips of branches around October. It has edible drupes.

Yamarakyo (Allium thunbergii) [Liliaceae]

Perennial plants growing in the fields. As fall deepens, the stem elongates with many flowers blooming in a spherical form. Its smell is not as pungent as wild rocambole or scallions.

Akebonoso (Swertia bimaculata) [Gentianaceae]

Biennial plant that grows in moist grassland, reaching a height of 1m. The spots on the flowers are nectaries that attract insects. The name is derived from the purply-black spots that resemble the sky at dawn.

Tsurushikimi (Skimmia japonica var. intermedia f. repens) [Rutaceae]

Commonly grows in the Hakone area. It resembles Skimmia japonica, but its lower stems creep on the ground, and the flower stem rises vertically. The flowering season is in spring, but in fall,
the sight of ripened fruits is worthy of note. The plant is poisonous.

Marubahagi (Lespedeza cyrtobotrya) [Fabaceae]

Deciduous shrub. Leaves are arranged in spiral form, small and oval shaped. The arrival of fall is evoked when the shrub is observed merging into a sea of miscanthus.

Tsururindo (Tripterospermum japonicum) [Gentianaceae]

Perennial. There are cylindrical bell-shaped flowers that bloom on the axils of long stems.
In the early winter months, the reddish-purple fruits that are spherical in shape, add color and cheer to the winter scene.

Mayumi (Euonymus hamiltonianus) [Celastraceae]

A deciduous tree, small to tall in height. Found in a wide area of Hakone. The wood is used as the main material for Hakone Yosegi-zaiku (parquet work), a craft of Hakone. The fruits are four-sided, a pale red in color when ripe, shining against the blue sky of the fall. It flowers from May to June.

Tsuruninjin (Codonopsis lanceolata) [Campanulaceae]

Perennial. The stem grows to over two meters. A vine having an unusual smell. Of the same family as Codonopsis ussuriensis, and often mistaken for it. Also known as Codonopsis lanceolata.

Rindo (Gentiana scabra) [Gentianaceae]

Perennial. It has bell-shaped flowers in bloom but closes at night or in poor weather. Often found on short grasslands, and by the side of hiking trails.