Wildlife in Hakone-Insects

Wildlife in Hakone-Insects

Tanzawafukibatta (Shrot-horned grasshopper; Parapodisma tanzawaensis Tominaga et Wada) [Acrididae]

It has a characteristic feature of wings that are degenerate, therefore the body is exposed.
The name is taken after Mt.Tanzawa, the mountain ranges near Hakone.

Akahanakamikiri (Stictoleptura) [Cerambycidae]

Active in the height of summer. Larvae eat the dead wood of the coniferous tree. Its crimson-red body of the adult beetle shows up on the flowers of Panicled hydrangeas and Hydrangea macrophylla that are growing on the edge of Cypress forest.

Asakamikiru (Thyestilla gebleri) [Cerambycidae]

In July, it is active in the grassland of Sengokuhara. It was once thought to be extinct, but of late a considerable number have been discovered. It feeds on thistles

Himetsuchihanmyo (Blister beetles; Hycleus lugens) [Meloidae]

In early spring, it is seen walking on the earth. It has a pronounced underside, the wings have become degenerate, therefore they cannot fly. The beautiful beetle displays a shiny metallic luster in indigo.

Genjibotaru (Japanese firefly; Luciola cruciata) [Lampyridae]

In Hakone, one finds many favorable places where one can see fireflies. Viewing is prolonged on account of differing attitudes. In addition, there are himebotaru and heikebotaru to be seen.

Kurotogehamushi (Hispellinus moerens) [Chrysomelidae]

It stands stationary on the leaves of miscanthus in Sengokuhara grassland. As its name suggests, it is covered in spikes (toge-toge in Japanese). Similar beetles seen are—kuroruritoghamushi ( Rhadinosa nigrocyanea).

Otoshibumi (Apoderus jekelii) [Attelabidae]

Active from early spring onwards. It rolls the leaves of alder, (Alnus sieboldiana) in the shape of a cradle.

Ootorafukogane (Patrichius doenitzi) [Scarabaeidea latreille]

In summer, the beetle gathers in numbers around panicled hydrangeas. The differentiated markings displayed on the back are of note and are worth comparing. The female is colored uniformly in plain black.

Oohira tashidemushi (Carrion beetle; Necrophila japonica) [Silphidae]

The beetle eats the putrid flesh of any dead animal. One can often see it eating the earthworm on the path. Without these beetles, Hakone could well be proliferated with the decaying corpses of animals.

Asagimadara (Chestnut tiger; Parantica sita) [Nymohatidae Rafinesqae]

It is known to migrate far and wide from the southwestern islands of Honshu to Taiwan.
It favors the nectar of Eupatorium (Asteraceae), and can often be seen near the summit of Mt. Komagadake.

Usubashirocho (Japanese clouded Apollo; Paronassias glacialis) [Papillionidae]

This butterfly can be seen gathering around spring flowers when they are in full bloom, and nectar is plentiful. It has the name shirocho-cabbage white, but in fact, it is a species of papilionidae. Its beautiful wings are transparent, and its movement is also elegant.

Midorishijimi (Green hairstreak; Neozephyrus japonicus) [Lycaenidae]

It is a butterfly representing Sengokuhara marshland, and their numbers are at their highest there in Kanagawa prefecture. On spreading its wings, the green metallic luster is revealed in all its beauty.

Kooniyanma (Sieboldius albardae) [Libellulidae Rambur]

In summer, it is often seen on the shores of Lake Ashinoko. The body is large, resembling that of oniyanma (Anotogaster sieboldii) hence the name. However, it is not of the same family.

Harabirotonbo (Lyriothemis pachygastra) [Libellulidae Rambur]

In summer, it is mainly seen in the Sengokuhara marshland. As the name implies, it has the characteristic of a wide underside. At first, the body takes a yellow color, but the male turns to blue.

Himeakane (Sympertrum parvulum) [Libellulidae Rambur]

The smallest of the Meadowhawks family at 3.5 cm. In the summer, it has a yellow body, but in fall, the underside of the male turns red. In Sengokuhara marshland and Otamagaike, many himeakane are to be seen.

Miyamaakane (Banded darter; Sympetrum pedemontanum elatum) [Libellulidae Rambur]

It is another of the Meadowhawks family seen in Hakone. It shows the feature of a brown band at the tip of its wings.

Himeharuzemi (Euterpnosia chibensis) [Cicadidae]

It inhabits forests of Laurel, e.g. Castanopsis sieboldii. The species is found scattered around Sounji Temple, in Hakone. It is designated as the town’s natural monument. It cries, ‘’wi-in wi-in,
Gii o gii o.’’